Directives means mandatory principles set in place by the superiors or seniors.
Directives are used as guidance measures by superiors for subordinates on the job. Directives can be used in any management phase, for example, directive appraisal, directive counselling and directive leadership style.
It is explained as below:
This is a kind of one-sided appraisal by the manager. The manager chose performance standards, set some measures, evaluate performance himself/herself and provides feedback. It has very low input from the employee whose performance is being evaluated. The manager interviews the employee if needed and tells him/her the feedback. Manager also tells methods of improvement.
This is counselling method in which the counsellors collect information relevant to client’s problem by collecting data, summarizing it and analyzing it. They also analyze the emotions, motivation and attitude of the client wherever needed to get better idea about the problem. Here the counsellors act as teachers or coaches. They may advice, explain or persuade for more findings.
This is one of the leadership styles in which the superior/ manager guides the employees about how to perform a particular task. The manager actually directs the team. Directive leader tells the subordinate staff that how to perform a particular task and what is expected from them as output. The leader sets the deadlines, performance evaluation parameters, milestones of the project and timelines to complete that. The directive leadership is kind of similar to autocratic leadership. The subordinates have no say in the project, they just have to finish their task on time. The project initiation and guidelines are also set by directive leader. This kind of leadership is successful where the job is not specialized because there the subordinates actually needed to be directed. Directive leadership is performed in armed forces of most of the countries. In corporate companies, this leadership is followed where the hierarchy is followed and respected, for example, China and Japan. But it has a disadvantage because the talent of the employees cannot be maximized and they cannot use their innovative skills.