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#HR #Word:#OCB (#Organizational #Citizenship #Behaviour)

Organizational Citizenship Behavior (OCB) is defined as the context or performance in which any job or task takes place. 

It is basically being a person who is ready to serve the organization in matters that is outside the scope of his/her job domain. 

It includes being helpful, caring towards other employees in the organization.

Example, Helping out a newcomer in an organization with his work, working overtime sometimes in order to get convert clients, etc

Advantages

1. People who engage in OCB often tend to receive better ratings, further it boosts the morale of others in organization.

2. People engaging in OCB, often faces lower risk of destaffing, as they are considered to be more valuable owing to their helpful nature.

3. OCB can further enhance productivity within a team, a group or by an employee in general, as people are there to support & help each other

4. Creation of better communication links & developing new networks, further boosting employee morale.

Ways to encourage OCB: From Workplace perspective

1. Maintaining the social environment in the workplace: Employees interact, connect & they develop bonding

2. Supervisory role: Training people about the implications of OCB will help them in this practice.

3. Hiring the right candidates.

 
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Posted by on December 14, 2017 in HR Word of The Day

 

#HR #Word:#Paid #Time #Off

Paid time off (PTO) is a number of hours that employees can use to pool sick days, personal leave or vacation while being paid as a working day. 

Image courtesy: Talent Development 360


Different companies offer different hours as paid leave depending on their policies, compensation plans and retention strategy. 

There is no government policy that regulates the number of hours companies must offer as paid time off.

Absences are also calculated under the Paid time off hours provided to the employee. 

Some companies allow employees to carry forward unused Paid time off hours into the next financial year whereas others dissolve the unused hours at the end of the year. However PTO does not cover sabbaticals or long term medical leave.

Most organizations provide around 2 weeks of Paid time off hours per year however some companies like Netflix and Virgin have no PTO limit. 

Employees of Virgin UK and US are allowed to take as many PTO hours off as they wish as long as the work is completed on time.

An advantage of using this plan is that employees would schedule their PTO in advance and hence the organization can plan around the absence of the individual. Another advantage is that employees feel that the organization cares about their work life balance and hence help retain the employees in the long term.

A disadvantage however is that employees are being paid even though they are not being productive. Furthermore many employees may want to cash in on their unused PTO hours near the end of the year hence resulting in lower productivity.

 
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Posted by on December 5, 2017 in HR Word of The Day

 

#HR Word :#Outplacement

Outplacement is a process of facilitating a terminated employee’s search for a new job by providing professional services, counselling, paid for by the former employer. 

It is done generally done by a downsizing company which pays for the services of a third-party company to assist their laid-off employee to seek new employment.

The assistance provided maybe in the form of resume writing, salary negotiation advice, resume distribution to employment agencies and head hunters, cover letter writing and career counselling.

As per Wikipedia , Outplacement is explained as

Outplacement is the support service provided by responsible organizations, keen to support individuals who are exiting the business (voluntarily or involuntarily) – to help former employees transition to new jobs and help them re-orient themselves in the job market.A consultancy firm usually provides the outplacement services which are paid for by the former employer and are achieved usually through practical advice, training materials and workshops. Some companies may offer psychological support.

  1. Outplacement is either delivered through individual one-on-one sessions or in a group format. Topics include career guidance, career evaluation, job search skills, targeting the job market, resume writing, interview preparation, developing networks, and negotiation.

    Consultants support individuals seeking a new job, and also those looking to start a new business, retire, or structure a portfolio of activities. Programs have time limits, ranging from a few months to more extended periods, such as 12 months and are offered at all levels of the organization, from workers to corporate employees.

    Outplacement provides former employees structure and guidance towards their new career option, and preserves the morale of those who remain in the Company who see that colleagues are given the necessary support when they leave the company.

    History of Outplacement

    The term outplacement was coined more than 30 years ago by the founder of Challenger, Gray & Christmas, a Chicago-based career consultancy.

    With the increased rates of downsizing, rightsizing, redundancies and layoffs, particularly during the 1980s and 1990s,businesses increasingly found a need for some form of assistance in reducing the trauma of redundancy for both departing employees and those who remain. Indeed, research shows that losing one’s job is one of the most stressful experiences a person can face other than death and divorce.


 
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Posted by on November 20, 2017 in Uncategorized

 

#HR Word:#Organizational #Configuration (#Mintzberg #Model)

Henry Mintzberg created five organizational configurations that act a framework to understand and design organizational structures. First of all, he stated that each configuration has 6 components: 

  • 1.Operating Core:The people directly involved in the production activities of products and/or services constitute the operating core.
  • 2.The Strategic Apex:This caters to the needs of the people involved in controlling the organization.
  • 3.Techno-structure: This essentially refers to the analysts who are involved in planning, designing and making amendments to the operating core.
  • 5.Support Staff:The experts who support the organization outside the realms of the operating core activities.
  • 6.Ideology:The unique traditions practiced by the organization and the existent beliefs constitute the Ideology.

Based on the importance of the components, coordinating mechanisms and design decisions (design of decision making, lateral linkages, superstructure and positions), five structural configurations were established:

  1. Simple Structure: The major coordinating mechanism used here is direct supervision. The key component of the organization in this case would be the strategic apex, and vertical and horizontal centralization is incorporated in this configuration.
  2. Machine bureaucracy: The coordinating mechanism here is standardization of work processes. The key component of the organization here would be the technostructure and limited horizontal decentralization is used.
  3. Professional bureaucracy:  Standardization of skills is the coordinating mechanism in this configuration. The operating core forms the key component and both vertical and horizontal decentralization is used.
  4. Divisionalized form: Standardization of outputs is the coordinating mechanism and the key component is the middle line. It is characterized by limited vertical decentralization.
  5. Adhocracy: Mutual adjustment is the coordinating mechanism in this configuration. The support staff (in an administrative adhocracy) or the operating core (in an operating adhocracy) forms the key component. Selective decentralization is used in this case.
 
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Posted by on November 16, 2017 in Uncategorized

 

#HR #Word:#Guerilla #Recruiting

Guerilla recruiting is a style of recruiting that makes use of the tactics and strategies used for centuries in guerilla warfare.

It is a highly focused form of recruiting that is fully integrated and driven by the fundamental motives of the organization

Source Google

It is typically deployed by an organization that is inferior both in numbers and tools against a larger, more mechanized competitor, but that is not always the case.

 Unlike traditional recruiting, which merely supports the business; guerilla recruiting takes responsibility for contributing to and driving the organization’s performance. 

It is a no-holds-barred style of recruiting where every weakness in the competitor is identified and exploited using minimal yet highly focused efforts.

 The battle that guerilla recruiters are fighting is not for talent, but rather for market share, revenues and survival

 In guerilla recruiting you attack competitors where they are vulnerable, even if you have no direct need for that talent  because while your competitors counter to repair the damage inflicted, they leave other more desirable talent unguarded. Every weakness must be attacked until the competitor is weakened and can be annihilated, enabling your organization to pick up market share and revenues without the costly expense of a merger or acquisition.

What Are the Characteristics of a Guerilla Recruiting Force?

1.A guerilla recruiting force is a small, very elite group of professional recruiters that often augments a traditional recruiting function. 

2.Their actions are not subject to requisitions and budgetary constraints, although they are held accountable for producing a hefty return on investment. 

3.Their strengths are in competitive intelligence, tactical planning, and flawless execution. 

4.They use the competitor’s strengths and weaknesses against them, customizing their plan of attack to each competitor’s current circumstances.

 In particular, they leverage the gaps in employee expectations and employer deliverables. 

The guerilla recruiting force:
A.Is viewed as a weapon.

B.Utilizes the cover of society to mask its presence.

C.Plays on the aspirations of talent using sympathy, cooperation, and assistance.

D.Does battle on enemy grounds.

E.Is laser focused.
What Are the Major Steps in Building A Guerilla Recruiting Force?
Establishing a charter for the force that exists outside that of the traditional recruiting function, and possibly outside the human resource department.

Selecting a leader and key players who have a proven ability to work in unison on projects requiring extreme mastery of details.

Identification of primary business goals and prioritization of external forces capable of blocking achievement of those goals.

Development of a defined process and arsenal of tools to power competitive intelligence.

Establishment of a discretionary spending fund used to finance covert recruiting activities.
Critical Success Factors in Guerilla Recruiting

 As with any highly specialized activity, success in running a guerilla recruiting force is largely dependent on flawless execution of a short list of success factors. These factors include:
An unrelenting focus on execution based on the perceptions of the target talent versus that of the internal manager or employer.
The identification and internal senior-level support of a guerilla recruiting leader who is resolute, loyal, self confident, capable of handling retaliation, honest, well-informed, and respected.
Dedication by senior leadership to adjust corporate culture, management styles, and corporate infrastructure to meet the changing demands of the talent population.
Dedication by senior leadership to fully support and continue guerilla recruiting activities until victory is achieved with resources needed.
*Critical Failure Factors in Building a Guerilla Recruiting Force*
Just as success in building a guerilla recruiting force is dependent upon flawless execution of a short list of success factors, it is also dependent upon avoiding certain failure factors, including:
Lack of organization and prioritization of guerilla recruiting strikes.
Existence of hidden agendas or actions outside those sanctioned by the primary business goals.
Use of deceit and trickery as means to secure recruits (this may cause the organization more harm than that inflicted on competitors).
Failure to understand and manage to gaps in what talent expects and what employers are capable of delivering.

The above article is Edited you can search on Google for the full version.

Sources- Guerilla Recruiting: It’s Time for a Revolution!

By Dr. John Sullivan 

 
 

#HR Word:#Organizational #Discipline

Organizational Discipline is the practice of self-restraint and learning to follow the best course of action which may not be ones’ desired.

Image credit: Colette


 In team activities, where several individuals work towards a same goal, discipline is of utmost importance.


Organizations thrive on team work, and without discipline teams cannot function properly. It acts as the backbone of the organization structure and maintains order.


 Organization discipline thus can be explained as system of conducting the organizational proceedings by its members who abide by the guidelines laid out by the organization

It imbibes a sense of obedience towards the organization that works instinctively under different circumstances.

 

Objectives of organizational discipline:

Improving and uplifting teamwork so that goals can be reached

• Creating a sense of harmony among individuals by making them follow the same set of rules

• Improving the sense of tolerance among employees

 

Features of organizational discipline:

• Training that improves individuals morally and mentally

• Controlling the natural instincts in certain situations like high pressure

• Earn obedience by following a systematic method

• Preserve order

• Train by instructing and controlling

 

Types of organizational discipline

Self-discipline – This is the ideal situation where the employees themselves are motivated enough to regulate their actions like time management, priority setting etc. and the organization does not have to put in any extra effort

Task discipline – In this situation the employee has to be responsible enough to do their job in the best way possible by them.

Group discipline – Group discipline is teamwork. Most jobs in an organization require to be worked upon by a team, so group discipline is very important.

 

Importance of organizational discipline

Protection – Having a disciplined work force ensures that the work environment is peaceful and provides a sense of security

Improves performance – Discipline eradicated issues such as presentism, absenteeism, missing deadlines, etc.

Increase in productivity – improved performance results in higher efficiency and productivity

Promotes appropriate behaviour – Following a set of conduct naturally makes sure that all employees exhibit behaviour fitting the company’s image

 

Objective of organizational discipline is to mould the behaviour of its workforce by training and instruction to better achieve its goals. It is the supervisor’s duty to explain to his subordinates the necessary areas of improvement. This promotes employee wellbeing.

 

 
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Posted by on October 26, 2017 in HR Word of The Day

 

#HR #Word:#OBMT (#Organization #Behaviour #Modification #Theory)

The Organizational Behaviour modification theory or the Reinforcement theory deals with changing behaviour through rewards or punishments that are essentially contingent on performance. 

Image Credit: study.com


It is primarily based on the following two principles.

 1. A behaviour that leads to a positive consequence (reward) tends to be repeated,      while a behaviour that leads to a negative consequence (punishment) tends not to be repeated.

 2. Managers can influence and change an employee’s behaviour through properly scheduled rewards or punishment.


For Detailed Study on Reinforcement Theory Click on the Link below


Reinforcement Theory



 
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Posted by on October 25, 2017 in HR Word of The Day

 
 
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