Downsizing refers to the process of reducing the size of workforce by terminating the employment of employees.

 It is also referred as layoff

Downsizing is common in a recessionary situation where downsizing helps to cut costs.

 Some companies also layoff a percentage of low performers every year to maintain a competitive and efficient work force.

Employees asked to exit are often compensated by paying a fixed amount or a few months salary. 

Downsizing not only affects the employees who have to exit the company, but also the remaining employees who may fear themselves to be in a similar situation at a later time.

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