Jungian Personality Typology was given by Carl Jung, which talks about how human personalities are expressible in terms of Extraversion or Introversion, Sensation or Intuition, Thinking or Feeling.

 Carl Gustav Jung was a Swiss psychiatrist and psychotherapist. In his book “Psychological Types”, he identified 8 different personality patterns.

These were created by combining two opposite pairs of functions and a pair of attitude.

The pairs of functions are:

• Perceiving functions: Sensation and Intuition

These functions are related to information collection. They describe how an individual collect, understands and interprets an information.

Sensation: Those who rely on tangible and concrete data. Any information that is not based on facts are not considered to be of any importance by them. Gut feelings or hunches are not trusted by these individuals.

Intuition: These are those individuals who tend to trust abstract or theoretical data. They are more interested in possibilities and have huge faith on the hunches.

• Judging functions: Thinking and Feeling

These functions are related to decision making. They describe how an individual takes a decision based on the information gathered.

Thinking: Decisions are taken after reasoning. Data is logically pondered upon before arriving to any conclusion.

Feeling: Decisions are taken by empathising with the situation. The primary decision making factor is not logic but the situation’s demand and also the involved individuals.

The pair of attitudes are:

• Extraverted: Energy is derived from external sources

• Introverted: Energy is derived from one’s own self and internal world

These four functions can be can be assimilated with the attitudes to predict psychological types. They are as follows:

Extraverted sensation

Introverted sensation

Extraverted intuition

Introverted intuition

Extraverted thinking

Introverted thinking

Extraverted feeling

Introverted feeling



Extraverted Sensation

Outgoing and active focuson surroundings. Relies on logical data and experience

Introverted Sensation

Reflective focus on cognitive experiences and on logical data and experience

Extraverted Intuition

Outgoing and active focuson the various unfamiliar prospects of the surroundings

Introverted Intuition

Reflective focus on the images and contents of the surroundings

Extraverted Thinking

Outgoing and active focuson employing logical sense to the surroundings by creating sensible format and taking decisions based on them

Introverted Thinking

Reflective focus on cognitive reasoning and understanding them by structuring the principles of a situation

Extraverted Feeling

Outgoing and active focuson providing meaning to the surroundings by pursuing unanimity to the surrounding. Open expression of values

Introverted Feeling

Reflective focus on the surrounding. Seeking harmony by aligning individual action

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