It is a method of performance appraisal in which the rater has to make a forced choice between the available characteristics, about the employees. 

It is in the form of a survey questionnaire. In this method, different categories of performances are set; the proportion in each category need not be symmetrical. All the employees are places under any one of these categories.

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The raters are given a set of multiple choice questions, from which they are to select one option and rate the employees.

 This list contains only positive or only negative set of choices of behaviors to choose from. This leads the employer to be in a situation in which, he/she is forced to choose only the negative or only the positive traits to attribute to the performance of an employee. Thus the supervisor, himself doesn’t know which is the best answer among the choices available.

Many companies use this method of appraisal as it is considered to be a less biased way of appraising an employee. The supervisor doesn’t have much of control over deciding whether the performance of an employee is good or bad.

It provides a realistic scenario of the performance of an employee, rather than biasness where only the good or the bad boxes are checked.

Example: The question may ask the rater to forcefully choose any one of the following options available:

• Takes up challenges eagerly

• Always comes up with a new idea

• Leads and shows proper direction to each of its team member

• Understand the problem and provides valuable alternative solutions to it

The supervisor will have to attribute any of the above categories to the performance of his/her employees. This is a difficult job and sometimes the employer is forced to make a decision which if not entirely, but closely relates to the behavior of his/her employee

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